Outdoor Articles

Resupply on the John Muir Trail

Resupply at Muir Trail Ranc

Resupply options are fairly straightforward in the northern section of the John Muir Trail (JMT) but it gets a little more complicated in the rugged, southern section where no backcountry ranches exist. For those with a strict timetable, it may be undesirable to have to spend a couple of days exiting the trail to get to a town to resupply. This is different from other long trails, such as the Appalachian Trail, where the trail goes through or very near towns. The JMT is actually part of the Pacific Crest Trail (PCT) but even here, there are differences between the typical JMT vs PCT hiker. Since the JMT can be hiked in two to three weeks, it’s possible to sandwich it in between other of life’s responsibilities whereas the average PCT hiker has had to commit five or six months and may not feel the time pressure so intensely.

Food planning can be a daunting task. Options include purchasing backpacking meals or making your own. For those who want to make their own, there are choices between dehydrating whole meals or creating meals from individual dried ingredients. There are many sources for freeze-dried or dehydrated ingredients for those who don’t want to dehydrate their own. It costs a little more to purchase ingredients but dehydrating foods can be time-consuming. In the northern part of the trail, there are a few places where fuel and freeze-dried meals can be purchased, though the selection may be limited. Others may prefer to mail food packages to be assured of the foods they prefer.

Resupply Options

From north to south, here are the resupply options. Each backcountry ranch and packer has their own requirements and specifications for shipping containers and shipping date windows so check their websites or contact them for the latest information. The dates of operation can vary quite a bit depending on such factors as snowpack and road clearance.

Yosemite Valley

This is where some southbound (SOBO) hikers start the trail if they have a permit to begin at Happy Isles. The Village Store is fairly large and is stocked with freeze-dried and fresh ingredients. There is a Post Office if you need to mail a resupply package.

Tuolumne Meadows

The next location for resupply is, Tuolumne Meadows, 22 miles from Yosemite Valley on the trail. The Tuolumne Meadows Store is a very small store with a limited supply of freeze-dried meals and snacks. The Tuolumne Meadows Grill serves breakfast, burgers and ice cream. A Post Office  is located in the same building as the store. Mailed resupply packages may be sent here. The Post Office is closed on Sundays and federal holidays. Label resupply packages like this:

[Your Name]
c\o General Delivery
Tuolumne Meadows Post Office
14000 Highway 120 East
Yosemite National Park, CA 95389-9906

Red’s Meadow

Red’s Meadow is a general area where a US Forest Service Campground and Red’s Meadow Resort is located, about 60 miles from Yosemite. The resort is a backcountry pack station that has a store, restaurant, and cabins. They accept mailed resupply packages, sell freeze-dried meals, cheese, tortillas, fresh foods and breakfast items, though supplies vary and the may be out of some items. Due to their proximity to a shuttle bus stop and the town of Mammoth Lakes, Red’s Meadow is a convenient place to resupply.

Red’s Meadow Resort has a store with fresh and dry foods for backpackers.

Mammoth Lakes

Located six miles from Red’s Meadow, Mammoth Lakes offers all the amenities of a thriving mountain town. The shuttle bus costs just a few dollars (less than $10) and connects to a network of free shuttles in town. Vons Supermarket and Pharmacy and several outdoor stores (such as Mammoth Mountaineering  Supply)  are good places to resupply and replace equipment. Resupply packages may be mailed to the Mammoth Lakes Post Office.

Vermilion Valley Ranch (VVR)

Vermilion Valley Ranch is not on the trail, being over four miles from Mono Creek (or less from the ferry, if it’s running), but it’s a popular place to resupply. You can stay there, purchase food and they have a restaurant. You can also mail resupply packages. It’s relatively close to MTR so some choose one or the other while others take advantage of both. It is accessible via a narrow, curvy road from the west.

Muir Trail Ranch (MTR)

Muir Trail Ranch is a scant 0.6 mile off the trail (and 20 miles from VVR) and is the last resupply option going SOBO. For this reason, it is a popular place to resupply. The primary business of MTR is to serve their guests who stay in the cabins. Resupply is a side business that offers convenience to hikers but getting resupplies into this remote location is not easy. For a variety of reasons, MTR has strict rules that govern their service so hikers are advised to carefully read the information on their website. They accept mailed resupplies but the tiny store stocks only a small supply of sundries and does not sell any food or drink. In peak season, large quantities of rejected supplies in hiker barrels may be used to supplement your own resupply but this can be skimpy at times. Only paying customers have access to their meals and hot springs. There is an area along the river next to MTR where camping is allowed and public hot springs in a natural setting can be used if the river is safe to cross.

MTR staff unloading one day’s worth of resupply buckets–it’s a huge operation.

Between MTR and Whitney/Horseshoe Meadows

Here is where it gets tricky. This is a long stretch for most hikers, being 112 miles to Whitney Portal (or Horseshoe Meadows over Cottonwood Pass or Cottonwood Lakes). This translates to more than 10 days for many hikers, depending on how fast you hike. There are a few options but none is as convenient as the type of resupply options available in the northern part.

Kearsarge Pass Exit

Kearsarge Pass is a lateral trail that ends in Onion Valley (trailhead parking, campground). It is about 7.3 miles from the JMT/PCT to Onion Valley. There is a road from Onion Valley to the tiny town of Independence on Highway 395, the major transportation route on the Eastern side of the Sierra.

  • Onion Valley Food Boxes-steel bear-proof food boxes are located at the Onion Valley parking lot near the trailhead entrance. Hikers may deposit food packages in these unlocked boxes at your own risk. They must be labeled with your name and expected date of pickup (pad the date just a little to give yourself extra time). The rangers dispose of unclaimed food. The Onion Valley Campground is located here.
  • Independence, CA-get a ride to Independence (population 669). A resupply package may be mailed to the Post Office (see Tuolumne Meadows above for format but use this address: 101 S Edwards Street, Independence, CA 93526) or limited supplies may be purchased from the convenience store/gas station. Another option is to take the ESTA bus from Independence to the larger towns of Lone Pine or Bishop where the resupply options are greater.
  • Mt. Williamson Motel and Base Camp-take a zero day, get picked up and retrieve a mailed resupply at this Independence-based motel.
  • Friend Assist-If you have a really good friend, perhaps they’d be willing to hike in from Onion Valley with supplies for you. They could meet you at Charlotte Lake (on the JMT) or you could meet them part way at beautiful Kearsarge Lakes. They would need to obtain a Kearsarge Pass Trail permit from Inyo National Forest for an overnight stay

Packer Resupply

Packer Info: Packstations in the Sierra will provide food drops, known as dunnage drops, via mule train. There are packer stations up and down the Sierra but the two locations that meet the needs of most JMT hikers are listed below. You must meet the packer; they will not leave supplies.

Packers on Pinchot Pass

Mailing Services

A few services exist that cater to the needs of long distance hikers in two ways. These services have an online store and they accept packages that they can forward. Hikers can order freeze-dried and dehydrated foods and they will deliver them to any address.

  • Sonora Pass Resupply is located in the Sierra and serves JMT/PCT section or thru hikers. There is an online store and food can be mailed to post offices, backcountry ranches or any place with an address. If you have the HikerBot app (Android only), you can order from the app. They can also mail fuel canisters. For those passing through Sonora Pass on the PCT (north of Yosemite, not on the JMT), fresh food can be ordered and mailed resupply boxes will be hand-delivered.
  • Zero Day Resupply – Provides an online store that can mail supplies to any of the resupply locations. This service is based in New Hampshire.

Sonora Pass Resupply–collecting our resupply from Casey Cox at Sonora Pass (not on the JMT)

International Visitors

Regulations from the U.S. Customs and Border Protection restrict the types of food that may be brought into the United States. Food must be declared upon entry. Most commercial products in their original packaging are allowed, except meats. Fresh fruits and vegetables may also be restricted.

When I travel overseas, I bring snacks I like, some freeze-dried foods in original packaging and extra zip-lock bags. When I arrive, I transfer bulky food into the bags to reduce packaging and weight. I shop locally to supplement what we bring.

I recommend bringing some foods you know you like, especially for the first leg of the journey. For resupply food drops, I would either shop at the locations that have stores (Tuolumne Meadows, Red’s Meadow, VVR) and order from Sonora Pass Resupply to have food mailed to MTR. If you have food preferences or restrictions, I’d plan time to go into Mammoth Lakes on the shuttle to purchase food, where you will find a larger selection or order from Sonora Pass Resupply to have food mailed to Red’s Meadow and VVR. For the section from MTR to the end, you’ll face the same situation as others (see options listed above).


Meal Planning for the John Muir Trail

Pacific Crest Trail Association Resupply Strategies

Red’s Meadow Resort had a good supply of Mountain House meals but inventory levels may vary.

The store at Muir Trail Ranch has only a few sundries.

Sequoia Kings Pack Trains is located at Onion Valley.


Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.